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归档日期:04-18       文本归类:花叶球兰      文章编辑:爱尚语录

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  家庭养花大全 主编:蒋青海 编写:张秀春 孙祥麟 李 纪 蒋 婕 江苏科学手艺出书社 嘎 翻舔 瓶 侧 ﹄ 盯 瞿粼 乡月 群 嘿 翼 rtf} D日本小花瓜叶菊 7蜡瓣花 芍药 睡莲 乡尸,、 、淤狐 、 蜚缎振纂 斗 D皱叶椒草 ② 朱 蕉 ③ 花 叶 芋 ④金边玉答 、 ⑤马 蹄 莲 d J 、 、 前 言 花,是优美的标记,它醉人的清香,夺方针灿烂,正在人们的生存 中具有奇特的魅力。 鼎新盛开往后,我邦亿万群众生存逐渐改进,对栖身场合的摆 设和装点日益讲求,花和入们生存的干系日益亲近。 这几年来,一种新兴的行业— 花店,也应运而生,店堂里摆 满了花团锦簇的香花翠卉,入店选购者相继而至,川流不息;城郊 一带也显示以种花为业的花农,栽种花草,众以亩计。 有鉴于此,笔者萌发了编撰这本花书的动机。 正在撰写历程中咱们明白到,每一本先容花草栽种常识的书,都 务必有其光显的特质,方能经久不衰,具有较强的人命力。 近年来,咱们涌现一种乐趣的地步:除了观花类植物仍受亲爱 除外,观叶植物也倍受人们的青睐,有了意思不到的迅猛繁荣。如 今,非论是陷阱、宾馆、商铺的门口两旁,或是聚会室中、天井内、过 道旁,都摆置着几盆或整排整行的常青观叶花草;正在很众住民的阳 台上、桌几上、窗户外里,都能看到少许观叶盆景或高攀类观叶植 物,碧绿翠绿。这首要是人们正在危急劳累的做事之余,加倍须要以 碧绿翠绿的色调来医治、宽容危急的激情和疲钝的身心,以获取恬 静和安靖的心绪。咱们估计,观叶植物以后将会加倍受到珍视,被 更众的观叶植物的喜爱者栽植和苗养,这可以是改日花草繁荣的 一个趋向吧。为此,正在本书的实质方面,除先容浩繁的观花植物的 栽井方式外,尽可以众地扩展观叶植物的种类限度,让读者有所选 择,各取所需。 本书共先容了200余种花草的栽培、执掌和孳乳方式。它一改 以往花草书本过众地先容花草的形状特性,而对花草栽作育护过 程中的操作方式和举措过于粗略的缺陷。全书分露地一、二年生花 卉;宿根及球根花草;木本花草和温室花草四个个别。采用问答形 式。对每种花草正在各个区别时令、区别天气条目下滋长光阴的执掌 和操作方式,以及上盆、浇水、施肥、控温、土质、日照等都作了详 细、整体的先容。另外,因为本书先容的花草种类繁众,查找某种花 卉费时费事,所以本书正在附录中将花草按花名第一字笔画的按序 陈列索引,使读者查找极为简明。 当然,因为花草的种类太众,各个有体验的花草符养者正在试验 中所取得的感触和明白也不尽雷同,万分是咱们的养花常识,非论 正在外面和试验的深广度上都有肯定的限定,书中的偏差和亏欠正在 所不免。迎接熟手提出定睹,以便以后窜改足够。 蒋青海 1996年元月于南京 目 录 一、称地一、二年生花草 ····…·… 一 I.鸡冠花有何性情?有哪些种类? 2.鸡冠花怎么栽培执掌? ·································…… 1 3.鸡冠花怎么孳乳? ···································.·.·……2 4.凤仙花有何性情?有哪些种类? ·····················…… 3 5.凤仙花怎么栽培执掌? ·································……4 6.凤仙花怎么孳乳? ··································.·...……4 7.矮牵牛有何性情? ·······································……4 8.矮牵牛怎么栽培执掌? ································…·…5 9.笃萝有何性情? ·········································…·…6 10.笃萝怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ···························…… 6 n一 串红有何性情?··································.··.·……7 12.一串红怎么栽培执掌? ································…·…8 13·长春花有何性情? ·································.·.···……9 14.长春花怎么栽培执掌? ·································……9 15.金鱼草怎么)A-育? ····································…… 10 16.虎佳人有何性情? ····································……12 17.虞佳人怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ·····················…… 12 18.千日红怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ·····················…… 13 19.雁来红怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ·····················…… 14 1 20。金盏菊怎么栽培执掌和繁技? ·····················……15 21。三色蓝有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················……16 22.三色笠怎么栽培执掌? ······。·······················…… 17 23.三色荃怎么孳乳? ····································…… 17 24.紫茉莉有何性情? ·······························…·……‘18 25.紫茉莉怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ·····················。··… 19 26.害羞草怎么栽培和繁A? ···························…… 19 27.翠菊作育要留意什么题目? ·············,··········……20 28.半支莲怎么栽培和孳乳? ···················。·······……22 29.飞燕草栽种要留意什么题目? ·····················…… 22 30.扫带草怎么作育? ···················,················……23 31.银边翠怎么栽培? ············,····················……’’‘24 32.羽叶甘蓝栽培中应留意什么题目? ···············…… 26 33.珊瑚豆栽培要留意什么本项? ·····················……27 34.五色椒怎么叙培执掌? ······························一· 28 35.紫罗兰怎么栽培和孳乳? ···························……29 二、宿根及球根花草 ·······································……31 36.菊花有何性情?有哪些种类和类型? ············……31 37.怎么繁A菊花? ···························一· ’二·’‘”·‘’‘33 38.菊花怎么栽培和执掌? ······························…… 34 39.独本菊怎么作育? ························…… ‘··…·…”36 40.大立菊、塔菊怎么it-育?··············...’··········..…’· …37 41.怎么使菊花提前或延迟着花? ·····················……38 42.怎么让菊花越冬? ·····································一· 38 43菊花有哪些病虫害?怎么举行防治? ············……39 44.水仙有何性情?分哪几类? ······“················…… 41 45.怎么挑选水仙球? ····························。·······……41 46.怎么水养水仙? ·······································……43 47.怎么琢磨蟹爪水仙? ·························。·······…… 43 48.怎么制止水仙显示 “哑花”? ························……44 49.怎么防治水仙病虫害? 45 50.怎么撞制水仙的着花期? ···························…… 45 51.大丽花盆栽滋长瑕瑜的闭健正在哪里? ············……46 52.怎么防治大99花病A害? ···························…… 48 53.芍药有何性情?有哪些品种? ···············,·····…… 49 54.芍药怎么栽培执掌? ·································,··…49 55.芍药怎么繁A? ··································…·…’…50 56.怎么防治芍药的常睹病虫害? ·····················…… 51 57.店落蒲有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················…… 51 58.唐落潇怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 53 59.怎么使唐普蒲一年四时着花? ····················…·… 53 60.怎么繁技唐茜蒲? ····································……54 61.怎么防治唐彗蒲病虫害? ···························…… 54 62.佳人燕有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················…… 55 63.佳人燕怎么栽培执掌? ·····················”····”·……56 64.怎么繁毯佳人燕? ····································……56 “.碗菠有怎么的形状特性?怎么栽培? ············……57 “.养好碗莲要操纵哪些措施? ························……58 67.荷花种植后怎么举行执掌? ·······················…·…59 68.祷花怎么举行繁3i.? ·································…… 60 69.盆草有何性情?有哪些种类? ··········”·········……61 70.蓝草志样我培和常挂? ······························……62 71.怎么防治登草的病虫害? ·····················”··”“·… 62 72.百合花怎么裁种? ····································……63 73.怎么!胜百合花? ····································…… 64 74.百合花常睹病害有哪些?怎么防治? ···········…·… “ 75.石竹怎么救培执掌? ·································…… 66 76.康乃璐是什么样的花?有什么性情? ············…… 67 77.康乃馨怎么盆栽? ·································……’二68 78.康乃罄怎么举行孳乳? ·························,····…… 69 79.康乃馨怎么防治病虫害? ······…… ·‘·······“····…… 70 80.万年青有什么性情?怎么孳乳? ···················”… 71 81.盆栽万年青有哪些执掌要.点? ············“·······……72 82.怎么防治万年青病虫害? ·····················”···…·…73 83.千屈菜怎样孳乳栽培? ······························…… 74 84.将菜怎么栽4? ···························…·…’·…”.’’‘75 85.钱袋牡丹有何性情? ·································……76 86.钱袋扛丹怎么栽培执掌? ······················。····……76 87.钱袋牡丹怎么孳乳? ································…·…77 88.美女樱怎样孳乳养护? ,············,················……77 89.草薄有什么习性?怎么孳乳? ·····················……78 90.盆栽草毒怎么执掌? ·····················”··········……79 91.丽蚌草栽培应留意什么题目? ·····················……80 92.佛甲草怎样栽培? ··················……”····一· ’…· ‘80 93.任性草怎么栽培? ····································……81 94.宿根福禄考怎样孳乳栽培? ·················。······…… 82 95.欧洲银莲花怎么栽I}? ··,···························…… 83 96.欧洲银莲花怎么孳乳? ······························…… 84 97.美邦马齿览有什么性情?怎么培植? ············…… 85 98.红花醉浆草孳乳与栽培有什么特质? ············…… 86 99.睡莲怎么栽培? ·······································……88 100.怎么防治睡莲病虫害? ······························…… 89 101.郁金香怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 89 102.怎么防治郁金香病虫害? ···························…… 91 103.朱顶红怎么盆栽? ···························。········…… 92 104.朱项红怎么水养? ·····························。······…… 93 105.朱顶红歇眠期怎么养护? ··························…·…93 106.朱顶红的叶枯病怎么防治? ·······················…·… 94 94 107.虎耳草怎么养护?···············……””””‘”’”‘””’‘ 108.莺尾怎么栽培和孳乳? ················…·… ·‘····…·… 96 109。玉签有什么习性?怎么养护? 97 110.吉样草怎么栽培管;I?99 川.卷柏怎么养护? 100 112.贯众怎样栽培? 101 113.凤尾旅怎么孳乳栽培? 102 三、木本花草 ································。···············…… 104 114.牡丹花怎么栽培? 104 115.牡丹花怎么盆栽与执掌? 106 116.牡丹花有哪些常睹的病虫害?怎样防治? 108 117.瑞香有何性情?有哪些种类? 108 118.瑞香怎么栽培执掌? 109 119.怎么孳乳瑞香? 110 120.金边瑞香生存习性怎样?盆栽怎么执掌? 111 121.金边瑞香怎么举行水插和芽播孳乳? 111 122.佛手有何性情? 112 123.佛手怎么栽培执掌? ··…,一 ”·”‘””””,’.””‘”114 124.怎样使佛手长得叶茂果形好? 115 125.怎么繁技佛手? 115 126.梅花有什么样的气概与形状特性? 117 127.梅花怎么栽培执掌? 118 5 128.梅花怎么举行繁A? ······························…… 120 129.怎么防治梅花的病害? ···············……。····…… 122 130.怎么防治梅花的A害? ·········”···············…… 122 131.玫瑰有何性情?有哪些种类? ·········”·······…… 123 132.玫瑰怎么栽培执掌? 。····························…… 124 133.玫瑰、月季、菩筱怎么区别? 125 134.玫瑰怎么孳乳? ··································…… ·‘125 135.玫瑰有哪些常睹病虫害?怎么防治? ··········一· 126 136.月季花亲爱怎么的滋长处境? ··················……127 137.月季花怎么举行孳乳? ·········“············..·……128 138.怎么使月季月月着花? 129 139.月季花怎么修剪? 131 140.月季花有哪些常睹病害?怎么防治? ········“·…132 141。月季有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? ·”······“··”… 133 142.八仙花有何性情?有哪些种类? ···············…… 134 143.八仙花怎么栽培执掌? ···············“·“·······…… 135 144.怎么给八仙花翻盆换土和举行修剪? ·········…… 135 145.八仙花志样繁技? ······.··”······················…… 136 146.腊梅花有什么特性? ······························…… 136 147.腊梅花有哪些种类?有什么滋长习性? ····,·…… 137 148.腊梅花怎么栽培执掌? ·········“··……,·二“”·…… 138 149.腊梅花怎么梦it? ············“···················…… 139 150.腊梅有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? ············…… 140 151.代代花有什么性情和滋长习性? ···············…… 141 152.代代花怎么盆栽与执掌? ······”················…… 142 153.代代花病虫害志样防治? ·····················……。二143 154.金桔怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 144 155.怎样使盆栽全桔众结果? 。·······················…… 145 156.怎么防治金桔病虫害? ···························…… 147 157.葡萄有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················…… 148 158.荀萄怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 149 159.葡萄怎么繁A? .,························,·········…… 150 160.石榴怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 150 161.怎么促使石榴众呀花众结果? ··················…… 152 162.无花果有何性情?有哪些种类? ···············…… 153 163.无花果怎么栽培执掌? ··················…·… ·‘…… 154 164.拘祀怎么才智果众色艳? ··················一 ·‘…… 155 165.含乐花有什么特性和习性? ·····················……155 166.怎么给盆栽含乐浇水、施肥? ·····················…… 157 167.含乐怎么换盆和修剪? ···························…… 158 168.含乐怎么繁f.? ···························“·······…… 158 169.怎么防治含乐病虫害? ·········……,·············。… 160 170.紫旅是什么样的花草?有怎么的形状特性? ·”… 160 171.紫薇有些什么习性?怎么培植? :161 172.紫蔽怎么举行孳乳? ,······················,······…… 163 173.紫筱有哪种常睹病害?怎么防治? ············…… 163 174.萦被有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? ······“····…… 164 175.夹竹桃怎么栽培执掌? ::164 176.盆栽夹竹桃怎么修剪整形? ·······…·…,·······,·… 166 177.南天竹有些什么特性? ················。··········…… 166 178.南天竹怎么盆栽与执掌? ········。“····,··“····…… 167 179.非白竹怎么场养? ··············,··················…… 168 180。佛肚竹怎样栽培孳乳? 170 181.五针松有哪些养护重心? ······”·……,········…… 171 182.五针松针叶为什么有时会发黄? ..l·············…… 172 183.怎么嫁接五针松? ··············。···················一· 173 7 184.芽接五针松有何优.点?应怎么举行? ······“···,… 174 185.红枫怎么才智di免焦叶? ························…… 174 186.红枫怎么繁玫? ············……,‘·,··”·········…… 175 187.怎么使红枫正在邦庆节时,重现红叶?”··········…… 176 188.红花祖木有什么性情?知何执掌? ············…… 176 189.紫叶小果怎样孳乳栽培? ························…… 177 190.火棘繁技栽培共留意哪些事项? …·…,·······…… 179 191.锦带花是什么样的花?怎样栽培? ·······,····…… 181 192。木樨怎么栽培执掌? ……..,“···················…… 182 193。木樨怎么举行播种、分株孳乳? ··················…… 184 194.木樨怎么举行扦播、压条孳乳? ··················…… 185 195‘木樨怎么举行嫁接繁it? ························…… 186 196.木樨有哪些常睹的病虫害?怎么防治? ·“····“”·187 197.英长春花怎么栽W ······························…… 188 198.迎春怎么才智众着花?。······”·······”··········…… 189 199.迎夏与迎春怎么区别?怎样栽培? ·············一· 190 200.六月雪栽培执掌应留意什么? ·········“..·····…… 192 201.花叶辟荔怎么养护? ······························…… 193 202.络石栽培应操纵什么重心? ·····················…… 193 203。金丝桃怎么栽培? ·································…… 194 204.连翘怎么繁技和栽培执掌?······················…… 196 205.结香有何性情?怎么孳乳? ········。············…… 197 206.结香怎么栽培和执掌? ···············,···········…… 197 207.凌材有什么特性和习性?怎么栽培执掌? ·…·… 198 208.美邦凌甘同凌霄是否雷同?怎么栽培? ······……200 209.大叶黄杨怎么栽培和孳乳? ················,····……202 210.榆叶梅有何性情?有哪些种类? ·········,·····一· 203 211.榆叶梅怎么栽培执掌? ···············“···········,·…205 212.榆叶梅怎么孳乳? 205 213.木芙蓉有何性情?有哪些种类? 206 214.木芙蓉怎么栽培和执掌? 207 215.木芙蓉怎么孳乳? 207 216.樱花有何性情?有哪些首要种类? 208 217.樱花怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? 209 218.怎么防治樱花病A害? 210 219.贴梗海棠有何性情? 210 220.贴梗海棠怎么栽培执掌? 210 221.贴梗海棠怎么孳乳? 211 222.怎么防治贴梗海棠的病虫害? 212 223.碧桃花有何性情?有哪些种类? 212 224.碧桃花怎么栽培执掌? 213 225.怎么孳乳碧桃和防治病虫害? 214 226.桅子花有何性情?有哪些种类? 214 227.桅子花怎么栽培执掌? 215 228.桅子花怎么举行繁fi.? 216 229.怎么防治桅子花的病虫害? 216 230.紫藤有何性情?有哪些种类? 217 231.紫藤怎么栽4管fi? 218 232.紫藤怎么孳乳? 219 233.垂丝海棠有什么样的形状特性和习性? 219 234.垂丝海棠怎么举行孳乳? 220 235.垂丝海棠有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? 221 236。玉兰花有什么特性和性情? 222 237.玉兰花怎么栽培执掌? 223 238.f,兰花怎么举行繁fA? 224 239..Rs花有哪些常睹A害了怎么防治? 225 9 240.丁香有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················……226 241.丁香怎么栽培执掌? ·····,························“一 227 242.丁香怎么孳乳? ····································…… 227 四、温室花草 ················································……229 243。瓜叶菊怎么才智养好? ···························…… 229 244.瓜叶菊怎么孳乳?盆我怎样配制作育土? ···……230 245.怎么防治瓜叶菊病虫害? ························……231 246‘非洲菊有何性情? ········…·… ‘·……,,’······…… 232 247.昨洲菊怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 232 248.钱袋花有何特性?有哪些种类? ····一·,’··”……233 249.钱袋花怎么栽培执掌? ···························……233 250.钱袋花怎么繁a? ·································……234 251.鹤望兰有何性情?有哪些种类? ·········“····……235 252.鹤望兰怎么栽培执掌? ····“············”········一· 236 253.鹤望兰怎么孳乳? ·································……236 254.四攀报奋有何性情? ······························…… 237 255.四时报吞怎么裁培执掌? ······················…· …237 256.四时报吞怎么孳乳? ······························……238 257.玻玻翠盆栽有哪些重心? ························…… 238 258.马蹄莲有什么特性和习性? ·····················……240 259.马玲莲怎么盆栽与养护? 、·······················、·…·241 260.大岩桐有哪些载培重心? ························……242 261.大岩相怎么繁放? ·································……243 262.虎尾兰栽培有什么重心? ···。·····,······。·“···,……244 263.吊竹梅怎么养护? ···。·。······················,····……245 264紫鸭拓草怎么裁培? ······························……247 265.白花萦件草芯样载ti? ·””··””··”···””·”·……247 266.红网纹菜怎么才智养好? ········,····,··········…… 248 267.金莲花怎么4育? ·································…… 250 268.大叶仙茅怎么执掌? ······························……251 269.非洲紫罗兰怎么培植? ···············…·…,····……252 270.朴洲紫罗兰怎么举行叶插孳乳? ···············……253 271.县花生存习性怎样?怎么栽培? ···············……254 272.A花怎么繁it? ····································……255 273.怎么使昙斑白天着花? ···························…… 256 274.令箭荷花有何特性? ······························…… 256 275.令箭荷花怎么栽培和执掌? ·····················…… 256 276.令箭荷花怎么举行繁hL? ························……258 277.怎么制止令箭荷花枯蕾和只滋长不着花? ···……258 278.蟹爪兰是怎么一种花草?有何性情? ·········……259 279.蟹爪兰怎么栽培和执掌? ························…… 259 280.蟹爪兰怎么孳乳? ··································。·… 259 281.怎么制止蟹爪兰茎片变黄、落蕾、落花? 261 282.怎么防治蟹爪兰的病虫害? ·····················…… 261 283.山影拳有何性情? ···,····························…·… 261 284。山影拳怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 262 285.山影拳怎么孳乳? ·································……262 286.落地生根怎么栽4? ·························,···…·…263 287.异人球有何性情?有哪些种类? “·“·“··“…·… 264 288.异人球怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 264 289.异人球怎么孳乳? ···········。········。···········…·…265 290.百子莲怎么孳乳栽培? ···························……266 291.四时海棠怎么栽培? ···············。……,·······……267 292.怎么繁挂四时海棠? ····················。·········…… 268 293.四时海棠易发作哪些滋长发育不良的病态? ·““·269 11 294.球根海棠盆栽后怎么执掌? ·······,·····。······…·…269 295.彩叶草怎样孳乳栽培? ··························…·…270 296.文殊兰怎么栽培? ··············,·····,···········…·…272 297.蔓绿绒怎样繁孩栽培? ···························……273 298.小苍兰怎么栽培? ································…·…275 299.兰花怎么栽植和执掌? ···························……276 300.兰花病虫害怎么防治? ··························。……279 301.鹤顶兰怎么栽培? ············,····················……280 302.天门冬怎么栽培执掌? ··················。········……281 303、养好天门冬须操纵哪几个措施? ···············……282 304.长命花怎么栽培? ··········,······················……283 305,旱伞草怎么栽培? ································…·…284 306.叶子花有何性情?有哪些品种? ···············……285 307.叶子花怎么栽培执掌? ···························……286 308.怎么孳乳叶子花? ···························,·····……287 309.绿萝有什么习性?怎么栽培? ···、··············……287 310.木本菱陀罗养护应留意什2题目? ············,一· 288 311.君子兰的出处和形状特性怎样? ··············…·… 289 312.君子兰怎么浇水? ····、··,·············。···········…… 291 313.君子兰怎么施肥? ·································……292 314.君子兰小株滋长后怎么举行换盆? ············…… 293 315.君子兰怎么举行有性繁娘? ····················。……294 316.君子兰怎么举行无性孳乳? ·····················…… 295 317。君子兰有哪些常睹病害?怎么仿治? ”‘······…… 295 318.君子兰有哪些常睹的虫害?怎么防治? “·“··“二 297 319.仙客来有何性情?有哪些种类? ···············……297 320.仙客来怎么栽培执掌? ··,·······················……299 321.怎么使仙客来安闲度夏? ························…… 299 322.仙客来怎么孳乳? ··································一· 299 323.仙客来有哪些首要病虫害?怎么举行防治? …… 300 324.水鬼蕉是什么花?怎么养护? ··············。···……301 325.晚香玉怎么栽培管3y? ···························……303 326.天竺葵怎么养护? ·································……304 327.天竺葵怎么修剪整形? ··。························…… 306 328.怎么繁兹天竺葵? ·································……306 329.紫背万年青怎么养护? ···························……307 330.花叶万年育栽培有什么留意事项? ·············,·…308 331.广东万年育怎么栽培? ···························……309 332.吊兰有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················……310 333.吊兰怎么栽培执掌? ······························……312 334.吊兰叶尖为何容易干焦发黄? ··················……312 335.怎么孳乳吊兰? ····································……312 336.吊金钱怎么栽培? ·································……313 337.枪刀药栽培要留意哪些事项? ··················…… 314 338.红背桂怎么养护? ·································…… 315 339.袖珍椰子怎么繁位栽培? ························…… 316 340.花叶球兰怎么作育? ······························……316 341.文竹有何性情?有哪些种类? ··················…… 318 342.文竹怎么栽培执掌? ······························…… 319 343.怎么制止文竹枝叶变黄? ·······················…·…320 344.文竹怎么举行孳乳? ·····························…·… 321 345.一叶兰怎么栽培执掌? ·············。············…·… 321 346.合果芋有什么习性?怎么栽培? ···············……322 347.孔雀竹芋志样栽培? ······························……323 348.冷水花栽培要留意些什么? ·······…·…,······…… 325 349.麟麟叶栽培应讲求什么本事? ··················…… 326 13 350.龟背竹有什么性情? ······························……327 351.龟背竹怎么高明孳乳? ···························……328 352.盆栽龟背竹应留意哪些闭节? ··················……328 353.怎么防治龟背竹病虫害? ························……329 354.亮叶莺尾是什么花?怎么培植? ···············……330 355.喜林芋养护要留意什么题目? ··················……330 356.白鹤芋是什么植物?怎么栽培? ···············……332 357.水塔花怎么作育? ·································……333 358.姬凤梨栽培要.点是什么? ························……335 359.金边凤梨栽培要留意什么率项? ···············…… 336 360.金边高贵竹栽培应操纵什么重心? ············……337 361.金心巴西铁怎么栽培? ·········……,,’·········……339 362.散尾葵栽培应留意什么题目? ··················……340 363.棕竹怎么栽作育护? ······························……342 364‘竹节落怎么我t.? ···。·····························……343 365.橡皮树怎么养护? ··········……,················……344 366.橡皮树怎么孳乳? ·································……345 367.苏铁有什么特性?怎么栽培执掌? ..,········…·… 346 368,南洋杉怎么养护? ·································……348 369.鹅掌柴栽培要留意哪些辜项? ··················…… 349 370.八角金盘怎么栽培? ·····························…·…350 371.手树怎么栽作育护? ······························…… 352 372.大度针葵怎么栽培? ······························。··… 353 373.雀舌珊瑚怎么养护? ······························…… 354 374.马拉巴菜怎么才智使之形状更美? ············……355 375.虎耳兰栽培要留意些什么? ..:··················……356 376.大度兜兰怎样栽培? ·······························一· 357 377.花叶芋有什么性情?盆栽怎么养护? ····”···……358 378.海芋栽培应留意什么? ··························…·… 359 379.条纹十二卷怎样养护? ··························。…… 360 380.波叶亮丝草是什么花草?怎么作育? ········…·… 361 381.金毛狗栽培要留意什么题目? ··················…… 362 382.巢旅盆栽有哪些重心? ···························…… 364 383.肾旅怎么栽培? ····································……365 384.银粉背旅怎么繁LO栽A? ························……366 385.江南星蔗怎么养护? ······························……367 386.圆盖阴石旅有什么性情?怎么养护? ·········……368 387.裸藏有什么特质?怎么栽培? ··················……369 388.龙吐珠有何性情? v371 389.龙吐珠怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 371 390.龙吐珠怎么孳乳? ·································…… 372 391.变叶木怎样孳乳养护? ···························……373 392.常春藤有何性情? ·································…… 374 393.常春藤怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 375 394.常春藤怎么繁A? ·································…… 376 395.倒挂金钟怎么举行适期摘心? ··················……376 396.倒挂金钟夏令怎么执掌? ·······················…·… 376 397.珠兰怎么栽培执掌? ······························……378 398.米兰有何性情? ···································…·…380 399.米兰怎么栽培和执掌? ···························……380 400.米兰怎么孳乳? ·············。···················.··……382 401.米兰有哪些病虫害?怎么举行防治? ·········……382 402.五星花是什么样的花?怎么栽培? ············…… 383 403.金苞花怎样带殖我培? ···························…… 384 404.五色梅怎么栽作育护? ···························……385 405.扶桑怎么盆裁? ···············,····················……386 15 406.盆栽扶桑怎样修枝整形? ······”······,·········…… 387 407.怎么制止扶桑落叶落蕾? ··········”············……388 408.龙船花是什么样的花?怎么栽培? ············……389 409.珊瑚花怎么繁a栽培? ······”···················…… 390 410.刺桐怎么栽4? ····································…… 391 411.朱蕉怎样栽作育护? ·······························一· 393 412.山茶花有什么心理和形状上的特性? ·········……394 413.山茶花怎么翻盆换土? ···························……395 414.怎么处置好J4茶花的浇水? ·····················……396 415.山茶花该当怎么施肥? ······,····················”·…397 416.山茶花怎么采用嫁接孳乳? ·····················……398 417.山茶花有哪些常睹病害?怎么防治? “·······“一 399 418。山茶花有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? “·····“”一 400 419.金花茶是一种什么样的花?它的形状特性怎样? … ,,… “.,.,…”.,..“’.… ,.,二,二“,.,.“,..… …,,..“,,..… 402 420.培植金花茶须要什么样的滋长环晚? ·········……402 421.金花茶怎么孳乳? ·································……402 422.茉莉花怎么盆栽和执掌? ························……404 423.怎么使茉莉众着花? ······························……406 424.盆栽茉莉叶片为什么会发黄?应怎么挽救? ·”二 407 425.盆栽茉莉为何滋长繁茂而不着花? ············…… 408 426.怎么防治茉莉花病A害? ······················。·…… 408 427.杜鹃花有些什么特质? ···························…… 409 428.杜鹃花适合怎么的作育土? ·····················……411 429.杜鹃花上盆翻盆应留意什么? ··················…… 411 430.怎么给杜鸽花浇水? ·… ·‘························…… 412 431.给杜鹃花浇水时怎么举行水质处置? ”········一· 413 432.杜鹃花该当怎么施肥? ····……,·······,········……414 433.怎么为杜鹃花修枝整形? ························…… 415 434,杜鹃花怎么扦播孳乳? ···························……415 435.杜鹃花怎么用压条孳乳? ························……416 436.杜鹃花怎么播种孳乳? ···························……417 437.杜鹃花有哪些常睹病害?怎么防治? ·········…… 418 438.杜鹃花有哪些常睹虫害?怎么防治? ··········一· 419 439.夜来香有什么习性?怎么养护? ···············……420 440.软枝黄蝉是什么样的花?怎么栽培? ·········……421 441.毛茉莉怎么养护执掌? ···························……422 442.狗牙花怎么栽培? ·································……423 443.二色茉莉有什么性情?怎么栽培? ············……424 444.一品红怎么栽培执掌? ···························…… 425 445.一品红怎么做弯制型? ···························…… 426 446.白兰花有何性情?有哪些种类? ···············…… 427 447.白兰花怎么栽培执掌? ···························……428 448.白兰花怎么孳乳? ··············,··················…… 428 449.白兰花怎么越冬? 429 450.怎么防治白兰花病虫害? ························……429 451.九里香怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ··················……430 452.茶梅有何性情? ····································……431 453.茶梅怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? ·····················……432 附录:花名笔画索引 ·······································……434 一、露地一、二年生花草 I.鸡冠花有何性情?有哪些种类? 鸡冠花,别名芦花鸡冠、笔鸡冠、大头鸡冠、凤尾鸡冠等。因其 花形、花色像公鸡头上的冠,故名鸡冠花。鸡冠花原产印度,为览科 一年生草本花草。鸡冠花,茎血色或青白色;叶互生有柄,叶有深 红、青翠、黄绿、红绿等众种颜色;花聚生于顶部,形似鸡冠,扁平而 厚软,长正在植株上呈倒扫帚状。花色亦充分众彩,有紫色、橙黄、白 色、红黄相杂等色。种子微细,呈紫玄色,藏于花冠绒毛内。鸡冠花 植株有高型、中型、矮型三种,高型的可达2-3米,矮型的唯有30 厘米高。鸡冠花的花期较长,可从7月开到12月。 鸡冠花的种类因花序形状区别,可分为扫帚鸡冠、扇面鸡冠、 鸳鸯鸡冠、绥络鸡冠等。 2.鸡冠花怎么栽培执掌? 鸡冠花性喜阳光,耐贫瘩,怕积水,不耐寒,正在高温干燥的天气 条目下滋长优异。正在寻常情状下不需浇水、施肥。鸡冠花可作盆栽 鉴赏花草。盆栽时通常不必小苗盆育,而是正在花期时从地栽鸡冠花 膺选择上盆。上盆时要稍栽深少许,以将叶子亲近盆土面为好。移 栽时不要散佗,栽后要浇透水,7天后首先施肥,每隔半月施一次 液肥.花序造成前,盆土要依旧肯定的干燥,以利滋长花序。花蕾 造成后,可7^10天施一次液肥,妥当浇水。 1 假设思使鸡冠花植株雄壮,花冠肥大、厚实,颜色灿烂,可正在花 序造成后换大盆养育,但要留意移植时不行散沱,不然不易成活。 鸡冠花是异花受粉,种类之间容易杂交变异。是以,留种的品 种着花期要选出断绝。留种时,应采收花序下部的种子,可保存品 种的特质。 图I 鸡冠花 I鸡冠花怎么孳乳? 鸡冠花用播种法孳乳,于4^-5月举行,气温正在20^25℃时为 好。播种前,可正在苗床中施少许饼肥或厩肥、堆肥作基肥。播种时 应正在种子中和入少许细土举行撒播,因鸡冠花种子微细,覆土2- 3毫米即可,不宜深。播种前要使苗床中泥土依旧潮湿,播种后可 用细眼喷壶稍许喷些水,再给苗床遮上荫,两周内不要浇水。通常 7^-10天可出苗,待苗长出3-4片真叶时可间苗一次,清除少许 弱苗、过密苗,到苗高5^-6厘米时即应带根部土移栽定植。 2 4.凤仙花有何性情?有哪些种类? 凤仙花,别名指甲花、介入甲草、小桃红等。因其花头、翅、尾、 足俱翘然如凤状,故别名金凤花。凤仙花属凤仙花科一年生草本花 卉,原产中邦和印度。 图2 凤仙花 凤仙花茎高40^100厘米,肉质,雄壮,直立。其花形似蝴蝶, 花色有粉红、大红、紫、白、黄、洒金等,善变异。有的种类统一株上 能开数种颜色的花朵。凤仙花众单瓣,重瓣的称凤球花。据古花谱 载,凤仙有200众个种类,不少种类现己失传。因凤仙善变异,经人 工栽培抉择,已发生了少许好种类,如五色当头凤,花生茎之顶端, 花大而色艳,尚有十样锦等。遵照花型区别,又可分为蔷薇型、山茶 型、石竹型等。凤仙花的花期为6-8月,结茹果,状似桃形,成熟时 外壳自行爆裂、将种枪弹出,自播孳乳,故采种须实时。 3 凤仙花种子亦名急本性,茎亦名透骨草,均可入药,有活血化 寮、利尿解毒、通经透骨之成果。鲜草捣烂外敷,可治疮疖肿疼、毒 虫咬伤。 }l.凤仙花怎么栽培执掌? 凤仙花性喜阳光,怕湿,耐热不耐寒,适生于松散肥饶微酸土 壤中,但也耐瘩薄。凤仙花适当性较强,移植易成活,滋长疾速。盆 栽时,当小苗长出3-4片叶后,即可移栽。先用小口径盆,渐渐换 入较大的盆内,终末定植正在20厘米口径的大盆内。10天后首先施 液肥,从此每隔一周施一次。定植后,对植株主茎要举行打顶,加强 其分枝材干;基部着花随时摘去,云云会促使各枝顶部络续着花。 凤仙花存在力强,适当性好,通常很少有病虫害。假设气温高、 湿度大,显示白粉病,可用50%甲基硫菌灵可湿性粉800倍液喷 洒防治。如发作叶斑病,可用50%众菌灵可湿性粉500倍液防治。 凤仙花首要虫害是红天蛾,其小虫会啃食凤仙叶片。如涌现有此虫 害,可儿工逮捕灭除。 6.凤仙花怎么孳乳? 凤仙花用种子孳乳。3^-9月举行播种,以4月播种最为适宜, 云云6月上、中旬即可着花,花期可依旧两个众月。 播种前,应将苗床浇透水,使其依旧潮湿,因凤仙的种子较量 小,播下后不行马上浇水,省得把种子冲掉。再盖上约3-4毫米一 层薄土,留意遮荫,约10天后可出苗,当小苗长出2-3片叶时就 要首先移植,从此逐渐定植或上盆培植。 7.矮牵牛有何性情? 矮牵牛,别名灵芝牡丹、喇叭花,茄科属一、二年生或众年生草 本花草。原产南美洲,现正在我邦各地均有栽培。 矮牵牛株高20-x30厘米。叶椭圆形,全缘。单花,花冠漏斗状。 花型众,花色充分,有紫红、鲜红带白条纹、桃红、纯白等。花期长, 每年从4月到10月着花络续。 图3 矮牵牛 8.矮牵牛怎么栽培执掌? 矮牵牛性喜阳光,炎热、透风优异的处境,不耐寒,忌酷热雨 涝,适宜正在腐殖质充分、排水优异的砂质泥土中滋长。酷热天色,对 矮牵牛滋长倒霉,易导致着花不良,或导致整株殒命。阴凉天色,则 会惹起花少而叶茂。干燥而炎热的天色,植株叶茂花繁。 盆栽矮牵牛,每盆宜栽2^-3株,每每依旧盆土潮湿,施肥不宜 5 过量,可每隔15^20天施一次腐熟的稀少液肥,省得植株徒长。苗 高8-10厘米时须摘心,以促众发分枝。矮牵牛人命力强,滋长旺 盛,要实时修剪,掌管株高和株型,并可能小竹竿作支柱,省得倒 伏。 矮牵牛通常用种子孳乳,也可扦插。播种可春播((3^-4月进 行),也可秋播((9^10月举行)。但以春季为好。 矮牵牛常睹病害有白霉病、叶斑病、病毒病等。通常可用75% 百菌清700-1000倍水溶液喷洒防治;有的病害要紧的叶片应及 时摘除。 9.笃萝有何性情? 4萝,别名羽叶笃萝、密萝松、逛龙草、笃萝松、锦屏封等,俗称 五角星花、狮子草,属旋花科一年生草本花草。 笃萝,单叶互生,叶的裂片修长如丝,花从叶腋下生出,花梗长 约寸余,上着数朵五角星状小花,颜色深红灿艳,除血色外,尚有白 色的。花期从7月上旬至9月下旬,每天盛开一批,晨开午后即蔫 笃萝的修长滑润的蔓生茎,长可达4-5米,优柔,极富高攀性,是 理思的绿篱植物。 与笃萝同科属的尚有圆叶A萝和械叶x萝。圆叶笃萝,叶片卵 形,顶端尖,花冠洋血色,喉部黄色,花众而色艳。械叶笃萝,为羽叶 笃萝与圆叶笃萝的杂交种,叶片呈掌状分散,裂片披针形,顶端长 锐尖;总花梗粗大,开花 1-3朵,色深红,花比羽叶笃萝的花大一 倍。 10.笃萝怎么栽培执掌和孳乳? x萝原产墨西哥及印尼,性喜阳光宽裕而炎热的处境,不耐 寒,对泥土央浼不厉,抗逆力强,执掌粗放。但正在排水优异、肥饶的 砂质泥土中滋长最好。盆栽笃萝,上盆时盆底放少量蹄片作底肥. 从此每月施一次液肥,并每每依旧盆土潮湿。盆栽时,应立支架供 其纠缠。 3萝用种子孳乳。每年可正在11月初采收种子,翌年春4月播 种,一周后可抽芽,苗生3-4片叶时定植,苗太大时移植禁止易成 活。莺萝成熟时,种子会自然裂开,自播孳乳。莺萝人命力强,适当 性好,通常没有什么病虫害。 笃萝可入药,具有清热消肿成果,能治耳疗、痔痰等。 图4 莺萝 11.一串红有何性情? 一串红,别名炮竹红、炮仗红等,花呈小长筒状,色红艳而热 烈,轮伞花序,花开时,总体像一串串红炮仗,故别名炮仗红。 一串红原产巴西,为唇形科草本花草。一串红花期长,从夏末 到深秋,着花络续,且不易调谢,是安插花坛的理思花草。据称,花 尚有紫色的,称一串紫;白色花的,称一串白;粉色花的,称一串粉。 一串红的果实为小坚果,卵形,内含玄色种子,易零落,能自 播孳乳。 12.一串红怎么栽培管。

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